A-Fib Risk Factors

by Feb 20, 2022Cardiovascular0 comments

Atrial Fibrillation (A-Fib)

Arial fibrillation is an irregular heart rhythm that can lead to inadequate blood supply and blood clots in the heart.
normal heartbeat vs atrial fibrillation ecg

Arial fibrillation Symptoms

Common Signs:

  • Panic
  • Palpitations
  • Chest tightness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness, or even blackness and fainting in severe cases
  • Weakness

Severe Signs:

  • A drop in blood pressure
  • Dyspnea
  • Some patients can have no obvious conscious symptoms when atrial fibrillation attacks.

What are the risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation?

Afib risk factors
  1. Age

The risk of atrial fibrillation increases with age, up to 5% in people over 65 years old and up to 10% in people over 75 years old.

  1. Obesity, Overweight

The risk of developing atrial fibrillation was 1.22 times higher in overweighted people and 1.65 times higher in obese people than in normal-weight people.

  1. Sleep apnea

We tend to think of people who snore as sound sleepers, but in fact, a significant number of people who snore have A-Fib. Patients with sleep apnea have poor sleep quality, frequent awakenings at night and lethargy during the day. Severe cases require a homeused ventilator or pharyngeal surgery.

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  1. Hypertension

Hypertension is one of the most important causes of atrial fibrillation. Among many risk factors of cardiovascular disease, hypertension is the most dangerous one. How to prevent hypertension:

  1. Keep fit.
  2. Limit salt intake.
  3. Cut back on fast food.
  4. Limit alcohol.
  5. Stop smoking.

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  1. Diabetes

Both type 2 and type 1 diabetes can increase the risk of atrial fibrillation.

5 Ways to Prevent Diabetes and Atrial fibrillation:

  1. Increase physical exercise.
  2. Eat foods rich in fiber.
  3. Try to choose whole grains.
  4. Lose weight.
  5. Instead of dieting on a whim, stick to a healthy, balanced diet for the long run.
  1. Smoking

Smoking significantly increases the risk of atrial fibrillation, with current smokers having twice the risk of atrial fibrillation as nonsmokers. Quitting smoking can lower the risk of atrial fibrillation.

  1. Drinking

Don’t drink too much wine, though it adds to the fun. If you don’t have a drinking habit, don’t raise your glass for the so-called “blood vessel softening” effect. Because the glass of alcohol may be a small cardiovascular assistant, but more likely to be a gentle “killer”.

  1. Some drugs

Adenosine, dobutamine, evabradine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as celecoxib, ibuprofen), high doses of hormones, aminophylline, and bisphosphonates (such as alendronate) can increase the risk of atrial fibrillation. However, in most cases there is no need to discontinue medication because of these risks, adding or removing medications should be done under the guidance of a physician.

  1. Anger, anxiety and other emotions

Not only can a bad mood increase the risk of atrial fibrillation in healthy people, but it can also make it more frequent in those who already have it. It is even associated with recurrence after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. If you have depression and anxiety that cannot be relieved for a long time or find yourself unable to control anger, please go to a professional clinic in time.

  1. Lack of endurance training

Physical inactivity is a contributing factor to many cardiovascular diseases, but more physical activity is not always better, and high-intensity endurance training may increase the risk of atrial fibrillation. Moderate intensity training benefits the most.

  1. Hyperthyroidism

The proportion of patients with hyperthyroidism complicated with atrial fibrillation is quite surprising. The primary task for the treatment of atrial fibrillation is to control hyperthyroidism. After treatment, more than half of patients can restore normal sinus rhythm by themselves.

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